If you are serious about learning I would keep a journal. Most important things to keep track in the journal is date, time fished, lake or river fished, outside temperature, water temperature, water clarity, is it cloudy or sunny, weed growth, barametric pressure, are you fishing before or after a cold front, are you fishing before or after a warm front, species of fish caught, what did you catch the fish on. If you keep information like this then you might start to see a pattern develope after a 3 year span.
We actually provide a journal right on the main page. Really handy since you pretty much can't ruin or lose it.
My opinion is pretty much what everyone else said. My best advice at this point is don't get discouraged if you don't catch something every cast, or even every trip. I know a surprising amount of people that expected instant gratification their first time, and that's not always the case.
Oh, and I slightly disagree that you can't go wrong with a spinner. Some spinners are just terrible, but if you buy cheap then 99.9% of the time you will get cheap. Plus line twist, the treble hooks anywhere near a log or weed bed, etc etc. They are great tools for finding and catching fish, but it is a bit more advanced than just live bait.